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Feline panleukopenia is a highly contagious, often fatal, viral disease of cats that is seen worldwide. Kittens are affected most severely. The causative parvovirus. Feline Panleukopenia virus (FPV), also commonly referred to as feline distemper, is a highly contagious and life-threatening viral disease in cats. Learn more. Feline panleukopenia virus is highly contagious. The virus may be acquired by direct contact with infected cats or via fomites (bedding, food dishes); flies and.

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Interferons are chemicals made in the body that can exert an antiviral effect. Affected cats develop acute onset haemorrhagic vomiting and diarrhoea and some cats die rapidly.

How to guides Keeping your cat happy The cat friendly home Playing with your cat Indoors or outdoors? If a cat is exposed during pregnancy, the virus can cause cerebellar hypoplasia in her offspring.

Carnivore protoparvovirus 1 NCBI: Where possible, one or two people who do not handle any other cats should be assigned as nurses. Because of the serious disease and ubiquity of the virus vaccination is recommended for every cat.

Feline infectious enteritis (parvovirus, panleukopenia virus) | International Cat Care

This article needs additional citations for verification. Infected cats and kittens usually have a fever, are obviously depressed and will not eat. Disseminated intravascular coagulation may also occur, and is often fatal. This page was last edited on 28 Marchat When faced with an outbreak of FPV in a colony of cats, vaccinating all the cats will help, and in some countries anti-FPV serum is available that may be given to susceptible cats and kittens to help protect them by providing antibodies against the virus.


Recombinant feline interferon omega or human interferon products might be of some veline in the treatment of severe cases. Diagnosis can sometimes be confirmed using an in-office immunochromatographic felinne kit intended for detection of fecal CPV antigen. Extreme thrombocytopenia may also occur, and can lead to severe hemorrhagic complications. Hyponatremia and other electrolyte virs are also quite common, as is hypotensionhyperpyrexia or, late in the disease, hypothermia.

Feline panleukopenia – Wikipedia

Treatment No specific treatment is available for FPV infection and it is vital that any suspected cases are nursed in isolation as this is a highly contagious disease. Praxisrelevante fragen anhand eines fallbeispiels.

Complications are quite common in feline panleukopenia [FPL]. Feoine results are common. The patients’ severe leukocytopenia predispose them to secondary infections, especially bacterial and fungal, though secondary viral infections also occur with some frequency. June 10—13,abstract Some cats may die before even showing signs of gastroenteritis.

Viral replication at these sites leads to a marked depletion of white blood cells. Retrieved 26 May Differential diagnoses include other causes of profound depression, leukopenia, and GI signs. If your cat is unwell, please panlfukopenia veterinary attention. Feline parvovirus is spread by direct faecal-oral contact, and indirectly following contamination of the environment or objects eg, on food dishes, grooming equipment, bedding, floors, clothing or hands.

Affected cats may sit for hours at their water bowl, although they may not drink much. This is why administering modified live feline panleukopenia vaccine during pregnancy is panleukopenoa.

The virus causes severe damage to the lining of the intestine and also travels via the blood to the bone marrow and lymph glands. Feline panleukopenia requires aggressive treatment if the cat is panleukoenia survive, as this disease can kill cats in less than 24 hours. Pregnant queens infected with parvovirus, the virus can spread to the unborn kittens where it can interfere with the developing brain.

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Infectious diseases of the dog and cat, Philadelphia: At the beginning of the s, cats brought to Marion Islandone of the Prince Edward Islandsto deal with a mouse problem in the local meteorological station, went out of growth control.

The information provided here has been put together viru experts in feline health, behaviour and welfare.

Feline infectious enteritis (parvovirus, panleukopenia virus)

In neonatal animals the viruses replicate in a large number of tissues, and FPV infection of the germinal epithelium panleukkopenia the cerebellum leads to cerebellar hypoplasia, while CPV may infect the hearts of neonatal pups, causing myocarditis. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Important The information provided here has been put together by experts in feline health, behaviour and welfare. In a disease outbreak, unvaccinated kittens or adults can be given anti-FPV serum containing FPV antibodies subcutaneously or intraperitoneally, which may protect for 2—4 weeks.

Panleukopenia is primarily spread through contact with an infected animal’s bodily fluids, feces, or other fomitesas well as by fleas. During recovery from infection, there is typically a rebound neutrophilia with a marked left shift.

How you can support us Make a donation Our fundraising promise Leave a legacy Corporate giving. No specific treatment is available for FPV infection and it is vital that any suspected cases are nursed in isolation as this is a highly contagious disease.