Published by on November 23, 2021
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Irvingia is a genus of African and Southeast Asian trees in the family Irvingiaceae, sometimes known by the common names wild mango, African mango, bush. Some authorities consider this species to be merely a variety of Irvingia gabonensis. Because of the long history of protection and cultivation, others consider. Irvingia wombolu. Irvingiaceae. Vermoesen. LOCAL NAMES. English (bitter bush mango). BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Irvingia wombolu is a tree to m tall.

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Fat content of kernels also varies between trees and is about Identification and characterization of nuclear, cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence CAPS loci in Irvingia gabonensis and Irvingia wombolu, indigenous fruit trees of west and central Africa. Irvingia wombolu is a tropical tree growing up to 25 m tall with a buttressed trunk of about 50 cm in diameter. Plotted values are means The examples of Enugu derived savanna and Onne High forest in Nigeria irgingia cited.

In a plantation using marcots air-layering plantsflower production was observed two to four years after planting. Irvingia gabonensis and Irvingia wombolu are two of these non-timber forest resources which in recent times have become very important products.

It is proposed that these trees and the other flora will mature into viable multistrata system in the various ecologies where this has been practised. The kernels are then dried in the sun or on bamboo drying racks over the fireplace in the kitchen[ ]. The leaf extract is used as a febrifuge while the kernels are used to treat diabetes. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.


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Technology and the Organisation of production, processing and marketing of non-timber forest products. In addition to the above, ICRAF has embarked on a programme of genetic resources collection and conservation and the utilization of high value materials of Irvingia in agroforestry systems.

Irvingia gabonensis Ogbono nuts Scientific classification Kingdom: The domestication of dika is in its early stages. Multistrata agroforestry system for production is presently being established in Nigeria within the southern forest zones where bush mango is well known. Groundnuts and okra are used similarly in West and Central Africa. Evergreen lowland forest, mostly seasonally flooded, and on damp soil, beside streams; valley forest; also forest on dry land; in small patches of forest and womblu forest; at elevations around – 1, metres[ ].


There are 9 citations in Afrirefs related to Irvingia wombolu Vermoesen. Natural occurrence of Irvingia gabonensis in Africa. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. These non-timber forest resources are sourced through seasonal extraction from the forests. The tree is commonly preserved when clearing land for agriculture so that, as well as being harvested for its seeds, it can provide shade for various crops, especially cocoa and coffee but also for annual crops[ ].

The oil can also be processed further to soap or cosmetics.

Harvesting of Irvingia gabonensis and Irvingia wombulu in Nigerian forests; potentials for the development of sustainable systems. Archived from the original on A revision of the Irvingiaceae in Africa. Irvingiaceae Malpighiales genera Edible fruits. The timber is moderately difficult to saw or plane and tools should be kept sharp.

Chrysophyllum albidum the African star apple Dacryodes edulis the African bush pear Tetrapleura tetraptera Xylopia aethiopiaca Wo,bolu biglobosa Pterocarpus milbraedi Pterocarpus erinaceus Baionella toxisperma Garcinia kola and Irvingia spp to mention a few.


Food gathered and hunted in the wild are important, and they will continue to be important in the diet of may forest or farming families in Nigeria Ladipo Cameroon is probably the main exporter.

They are specifically also found in compound farms and these days it is not uncommon to find Irvingia womblu in Cocoa-cola and coffee plantations. Harvesting or collections in the forests are activities of women and children. Tree-to-tree variation in food-thickening properties and in fat and protein contents of dika nut.

Fruit pulp flavor components include zingiberenecinnamic acidsombolu and dodecanolresulting in spicy, earthy, fruity, and wine-yeast characteristics. Seeds, also called dika nuts, are eaten raw or roasted. Recently, an attempt at setting local quality standards for the kernels in trade has commenced. Irvingia wombolu Figure 4 x – 40k – gif www.

Irvingia – Wikipedia

Cambridge University Press, The next step consists of extracting the kernel from the seed, which is split in halves with a cutlass, after which the kernel is removed with the help of a knife. Agbor concentrated on the high density areas of Irvingia i.

The residue obtained after separation from the fat is suitable for processing in the food industry[ ]. Drawability sliminess and viscosity of soups imparted by the kernels varies between kernels from different trees.