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World J Surg. May-Jun;17(3) Diagnosis and treatment of jejunoileal atresia. Touloukian RJ(1). Author information: (1)Department of Surgery, Yale. Jejunoileal atresias and stenoses are major causes of neonatal intestinal obstruction. Atresia—derived from the Greek components a- . Jejunal Atresia is a rare genetic disorder. Patients with this disorder are born with a partial absence of the fold of the stomach membrane that connects the small.

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Blyth and Dickson reported 2 affected sibs in each of 2 families. Less frequently, the ends of colon are sutured together. Unable to process the form. As a result, a portion of the small intestine the jejunal twists about one of the arteries to the colon. Related Disorders Symptoms of the following disorders can be similar to those of Jejunal Atresia. If the area affected is small, the surgeon may be able to uejunoileal the damaged portion and join the intestine back together.

They found reports of 57 cases in the English literature. An abdominal X-ray may show narrowed areas stricturesobstructions, the width caliber of the bowel and other problems.

Years Published, We need long-term secure funding to provide you the information that you need at your fingertips. This may cause an infection within the abdominal cavity and require additional surgery. As a result, one of the three portions of the small intestine the jejunal twists around one of the arteries of the colon called the marginal artery and causes a blockage atresia.

Intestinal Atresia and Stenosis | Treatment, Diagnosis, and Outlook

The National Institutes of Health NIH is sponsoring the Human Genome Project which is aimed at mapping every gene in the human body and learning why that sometimes malfunction. Second family with ‘apple peel’ syndrome affecting four siblings: In this condition, because of agenesis of the mesentery, the distal small bowel comes straight off the caecum and twists around the marginal artery, suggesting a maypole, a Christmas tree, or an apple peel at operation.


Abdominal X-rays reveal an air-filled stomach but no air in the remaining intestinal tract. If an individual receives one normal gene and one gene for the disease, the person will be a carrier for the disease, but usually will not show symptoms. Other treatment is symptomatic and supportive. Pyloric Atresia Pyloric atresia involves an obstruction at the pylorus, which is the passage linking the stomach and the first portion of the small intestine duodenum.

Al-Salem AH, et al. The first division of the small intestine duodenum may have a discrepancy in size from one end to the other, the two ends of the duodenum may be connected by a short chord made of fiber-like tissue or there is no chord connecting the blind ends.

The translocation breakpoints in the patient might be considered candidate regions for the gene mutant in apple-peel atresia.

Human traits, including the classic genetic diseases, are the product of the interaction of two genes, one received from the father and one from the mother.

Jejunoiileal Atresia is a birth defect in which the fold of the stomach membrane needed to connect the small intestine to the back wall of the abdomen is, in part, absent.

Obliteration of the superior mesenteric artery may underlie this malformation. Lambrecht W, et al.

General Discussion Jejunal Atresia is a rare genetic disorder. About News Events Contact. CC ].

Rare Disease Database

This often leads to a significantly shortened intestinal length that may result in long-term nutritional deficiencies or the short gut syndrome. This disorder was first reported in Due to the high jejunoileeal of infants born with intestinal atresia who also have associated, life-threatening abnormalities, echocardiography and other imaging studies of the cardiac and renal regions may also be performed after the infant is stabilized.


Types of Intestinal Atresia Show. Jejunoilea pancreas Accessory pancreas Johanson—Blizzard syndrome Pancreas divisum.

Jejunal Atresia is a very rare disorder that affects males and females in equal numbers. This article does not provide medical advice. Treatment of Intestinal Atresia and Stenosis Show. In atresiw case that the superior mesenteric arteryor another major intestinal arteryis occluded, large segments of bowel can be entirely underdeveloped. Children with intestinal atresia and stenosis require an operation, and the exact type of operation differs depending on the location of the obstruction.

The success of this operation is excellent. This malformation in the small intestine causes eighty percent of the patients to vomit a bitter, yellow-green secretion of the liver bile. The intestine usually develops to a normal length.

Check for errors and try again. It is normally found that unlike other newborns, a newborn with jejunoileal atresia vomits green bile within a day of its birth. This may result in a very short length jejuonileal useful intestine. This article will focus on jejunal atresia atredia but bear in mind that some cases correspond to jejunoileal atrexia and show a mixed pattern, including the ones discussed in the ileal atresia article.

X-rays are then taken to evaluate the digestive organs. Infants born with this condition vomit continually, have swelling just below the breast bone, a hallow or boat shaped abdomen scaphoid abdomenand an empty anal canal.

Jejunoileal atresia involves an obstruction of the middle region jejunum or lower region ileum nejunoileal the small intestine. Pyloric Atresia The pyloric obstruction is opened and the stomach passageway is repaired.